|Centennial Medical Plaza||10 Mins|
|The Medical Center of Aurora - South||39 Mins|
|North Suburban Medical Center||25 Mins|
|Northeast ER||18 Mins|
|Presbyterian/St. Lukes Medical Center||13 Mins|
|Rose Medical Center||8 Mins|
|Sky Ridge Medical Center||18 Mins|
|Swedish Medical Center||12 Mins|
|Swedish Southwest ER||19 Mins|
Bone cancer is a rare disease in which cancer cells grow in the bone tissue. Cancer occurs when cells in the body (in this case bone cells) divide without control or order. Normally, cells divide in a regulated method. If cells keep dividing uncontrollably when new cells are not needed, a mass of tissue forms. This is called a growth or tumor. The term cancer refers to malignant tumors, which can invade nearby tissues and spread to other parts of the body. A benign tumor does not invade or spread.
Cancer may form in the bone or spread to the bone from another site in the body. When cancer starts in bone tissue, it is called primary bone cancer. When cancer cells travel to the bone from another site in the body, it is called secondary or metastatic cancer to the bone. Types of bone cancer include:
- Osteosarcoma—a cancerous tumor of the bone, usually of the arms, legs, or pelvis; the most common primary cancer
- Chondrosarcoma—cancer of the cartilage; the second most common primary cancer
- Ewing's sarcoma—tumors that usually develop in the cavity of the leg and arm bones
- Fibrosarcoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma—cancers that develop in soft tissues (eg, tendons, ligaments, fat, muscle) and move to the bones of the legs, arms, and jaw
- Giant cell tumor—a primary bone tumor that is malignant (cancerous) only about 10% of the time; most common in the arm or leg bones
- Chordoma—primary bone tumor that usually occurs in the skull or spine
The sooner bone cancer is treated, the better the outcome. If you suspect you have this condition, contact your doctor right away.
The cause of primary bone cancer is unknown. Genetics play a major role in most cases. Conditions that cause increased bone breakdown and regrowth over an extended period increase the risk of tumor development. This explains why osteosarcoma in children is most common during the adolescent growth spurt.
Last reviewedSeptember 2012by Igor Puzanov, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.