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Pronounced: diabetes -in-' sip-d-sEn Español (Spanish Version)
Diabetes insipidus is a condition where water in the body is improperly removed from the circulatory system by the kidneys.
There are two forms of diabetes insipidus (DI):
- Central diabetes insipidus (central DI)
- Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI)—due to renal cells in the kidneys not responding to ADH
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) controls the amount of water reabsorbed by the kidneys. ADH is made in the hypothalamus of the brain. The pituitary gland, at the base of the brain, stores and releases ADH. Central DI occurs when the hypothalamus does not make enough ADH. NDI occurs when the kidneys do not respond to ADH.
Some diabetes insipidus is casued by genetic problems that lead to central DI or NDI. Others may develop after an injury or illness.
Last reviewedMarch 2013by Brian Randall
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.